Cycle commuting halves CVD, cancer, mortality.

Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study BMJ 2017;357:j1456.

Auto-Fahren macht dick.

Associations between active commuting, body fat, and body mass index: population based, cross sectional study in the UK, BMJ 2014;349:g4887.

Cycling to work extends life for a whole year – despite air pollution.

Commuters using motorised transport lost up to 1 year in YLE more than did cyclists.“ „Benefits of active commuting from physicalactivity are larger than the risk from an increased inhaled dose of fine particles.
Quelle: Levels of ambient air pollution according to mode of transport: a systematic review, The Lancet Public Health, Vol. 2, No. 1, e23–e34, November 25, 2016.

Health benefits of cycling outweighs risks.

Table 6, all-cause mortality for subjects shifting from car to bicycle. Gain in life days/months per person:
Air pollution     −0.8 to −40 days (−21 days)
Traffic accidents      5 to −9 days (−7 days)
Physical activity 14 to 3 months (8 months)

Do the Health Benefits of Cycling Outweigh the Risks? Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Aug; 118(8): 1109–1116.

Vitamin D ersetzt nicht Bewegung.

Cholecalciferol or 25-Hydroxycholecalciferol Supplementation Does Not Affect Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Prefrail and Frail Older Adults, The Journal of Nutrition, Vol 148, Issue 5, 1 May 2018, Pages 712–720 -> Vitamin D is not a substitute for exercise.

commuting by cycle all cause mortality hazard ratio 0.59.

 

Quelle: Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study | BMJ 19 April 2017.

Kraft- & Gleichgewicht VIEL wichtiger als Vitamin D.

Quelle: JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(5):703-711.(1233×1210).png.

why public transportation is much more healthy than driving.

Quelle: Taking public transportation instead of driving linked with better health | American Heart Association, November 08, 2015.

How to become 14 years younger.

Combined impact of health behaviours and mortality in men and women: the EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study. Khaw KT1, Wareham N, Bingham S, Welch A, Luben R, Day N., PLoS Med. 2008 Jan 8;5(1):e12 – PubMed.

Longer Life – at least 5 hrs Walking per week.

CHD, stroke, diabetes – Exercise is medicine, as well as drugs„| NutritionFacts.org, June 4, 2014 .

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