What does „rapid cycling“ mean?

4 different mood episodes within 12 months. Rapid cycling in bipolar disorder: a systematic review. Carvalho AF, Dimellis D1, Gonda X, Vieta E, Mclntyre RS, Fountoulakis KN, J Clin Psychiatry. 2014;75(6):e578-86.

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NAAc lack – bipolar-I worse than schizophrenia.

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging of gray and white matter in bipolar-I & schizophrenia, J Affect Disord. 2019 Mar 1; 246:745-753. doi, Epub 2018 Dec 21.

more brain -> higher bipolar risk.

Larger right inferior frontal gyrus volume & surface area in participants at genetic risk for bipolar disorders, Psychol Med. 2019 Jun;49(8):1308-1315, doi, Epub 2018 Jul 30.

bipolar & schizophrenia: higher folded brain.

bipolar disorder & schizophrenia gene neurocan (NCAN single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1064395): higher folding in right lateral occipital region & trend left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex“ Psychological medicine – Publication Start: 1970, Publisher: British Medical Assn.- 2014 Mar;44(4): 811-20.

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